Chapter 5.4 (Demo)

Marc the words, text correction, text colouring

Marc the words

Text correction

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the most striking example of the culture of ancient estonians is the rhythmic verse, as well as the aural tradition of folk song where each line is repeated several times with thematic variations. these days you can explore the remains of this culture on the island of kihnu and the setu border region in southwestern estonia. estonians have one of the biggest collections of folk songs in the world, with written records of about 133,000 folk songs.

Text colouring

Tallinn, Estonia's medieval pearl, was granted Lübeck city rights by the Danish king in 1248, under which Estonia's capital and many other local towns were governed until the end of the 19th century. This was the time when Estonia's main towns Tallinn, Tartu, Pärnu and Viljandi were official members of the prosperous Hanseatic League, a commercial and defensive confederation of merchant guilds and their market towns, dominating the Baltic maritime trade along Northern Europe. If today you were to take a walk in Tallinn Old Town and look up you will see what used to be salt, tea and flour warehouses equipped with attic doors and hooks once used to pull up the cargo.

Soon enough the country's thriving medieval economy caught the attention of the neighbouring kingdoms looking to expand their geographical influence, and by the 18th century, Estonia had been governed by the king of Denmark, Sweden and the Russian tsar.

This time also saw the founding of University of Tartu by the Swedish king Gustav II Adolf, an institution that later played an important part in Estonia's national awakening, as here is where the blue, black and white tricolour was consecrated, becoming the official flag of the independent Republic of Estonia in 1918.

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