Chapter 8.1 (English 5)

The Farm: Cash Crops

Let Us Get Started

In a group, talk about the cash crops you know and the benefits they bring to our country.

Listening and Speaking

Pronunciation: Sounds


Activity 1

  1. In pairs, say the following tongue twisters:
    1. Cook Cate baked a coffee cake and put coffee and cream in a clear clean cup.
    2. Grace grew good green grass for her goats in a grey-gated greenhouse.
    3. Workers could cultivate cash crops like sugarcane, coffee and cotton on a five-acre farm.
    4. Gordon’s great grandfather gave Gloria green grapes.
  2. In groups, create four tongue twisters with sounds k and g and share them with the class.

Activity 2

  1. In pairs, practise saying the words below. Look up their meaning on the Internet.




​cash crops

  1. In groups of three, use the words above to make sentences orally.

​Farmers grow vegetables in a greenhouse.

Activity 3

Work in pairs. One of you will say the words in column A and the other the meaning in column B.




A store for farm produce like grain and cereals.

Cash crop

Farm tool pulled by a tractor or an animal.


Equipment used to do a particular job.


An object made to look like a human being that is put in a farm to scare away birds and animals.


Keeping of animals and growing of crops.


A crop that people grow mainly for sale.


Activity 4

  1. In groups of three, look at the title and picture in the following story. Say what the story is about.
  2. Now read the story aloud and answer the questions given orally.

You Reap What You Sow

In Gembo Village, there lived a farmer called Mkulima. He owned a two-acre piece of land on which he grew coffee. He used to wake up earlybecause he believed that the early bird catches the worm. He was always as busy as a bee, but the work was too much for him.

He, therefore, employed a man who was as strong as a horse. While digging, the man accidentally uprooted a coffee plant and discovered a shiny object. He ran to Mkulima and asked him, “What’s this? I found it as I was digging.”

“It’s gold!” Mkulima shouted excitedly. “Let’s dig up the whole farm. There must be more,” continued Mkulima. Within three days, there was not a single coffee plant on the farm and there was no trace of gold either. Only then did Mkulima realise that a bird in the hand is worth two in the bush.

  1. Do you think the shiny object found by the worker was gold?Explain your answer. 
  2. What do you think happened to Mkulima after losing his coffee plants and failing to get gold? 
  3. In pairs, show how Mkulima said the following: “It’s gold!” 
  4. Identify the proverbs and sayings used in the story. 

Activity 5

  1. From the Internet, look for other proverbs and sayings that can be used in the same story. Retell the story using the proverbs and sayings you have found in the Internet.
  2. Create posters and charts with the proverbs and sayings. Display them on the wall of your classroom and say them.
  3. In groups, compose a song about cash crops and perform it at an agricultural show.


Ask a family member to tell you a story containing proverbs. List the proverbs and share them with your classmates.

Please wait