Chapter 3.5 (SST I)

Fishing in Kenya

Discuss what you can see in the picture.

Fishing is the catching of fish from water either for foodor for sale.

Main Inland fishing founds in Kenya

Places where fishing is done are called fishing grounds. Inland water bodies include lakes, rivers, ponds and swamps.

Key points

  • Inland fishing takes place in lakes, rivers and ponds.
  • In some parts of the country, some people have fish ponds where they rear fish.
  • The types of fish caught in inland fishing include tilapia, Nile perch, “dagaa”, mud fish and trout.

Activity 1: Work on your own

Find out more

  1. Using the internet, atlas or library, identify the main inland fishing grounds in Kenya.
  2. Make a summary for class presentation.

Activity 2: Work in pairs

Study the map below.

Identify the inland fishing grounds shown on the map.

Activity 3: Work on your own

  1. Draw a map of Kenya showing main inland fishing grounds in Kenya.
  2. Display your map in class.

Methods of Inland fishing in Kenya

Activity 4: Group work

Read the conversation between Mr. Opollo and the learners of Ufanisi Primary School.

Vicky: Mr. Opollo, tell us more about methods of inland fishing in Kenya.

 Mr. Opollo: Methods of inland fishing used in Kenya are either traditional or modern. 

Peter: What are the examples of the traditional methods of fishing? 

Mr. Opollo: They include use of baskets and harpooning. They are used in shallow waters. Kelly: How are these methods used? 

Mr. Opollo: In shallow waters, a basket is kept with food to attract the fish. When fish enters the basket, it cannot come out. The basket is then removed from water.

 Jeremy: What about harpooning?

 Mr. Opollo: Harpooning is used in clear calm water. The fishermen spear the fish and remove it out of water.

Marion: Which are the modern methods of fishing?

 Mr. Opollo: They involve the use of advanced equipment  which enables fishermen to catch a lot of fish. They include; purse seining, trawling and line fishing. 

Vicky: How are these methods used? 

Mr. Opollo: In trawling, a bag-like net is tied to a boat. The mouth of the net is kept open by floaters on the top and weights below. The bag is dragged on the bed of the lake and when it is full of fish, the bag is pulled out of water to the boat.

 Peter: Could you tell us about purse seining and long lining? 

Mr. Opollo: In purse seining, a semi circular net is tied on a ship. The ship pulls the net behind it. When the net is full of fish, the ropes are pulled and the fish inside the net are trapped and cannot escape. In long lining, fishermen spread out long lines that have several hooks with baits. When the fish eats the bait, they are hooked and pulled out of water. 

Pupils: Thank you Mr. Opollo for your time. 

Mr. Opollo: Thank you children for visiting. Bye.

  1. From the conversation, identify the methods of inland fishing in Kenya.
  2. Discuss how the methods of inland fishing are carried out.

Activity 5: Work on your own

The pictures below show some of the methods of inland fishing in Kenya. Use them to answer the questions that follow.





  1. Identify the methods of fishing shown in the pictures.
  2. Describe how the identified fishing methods are carried out.

Activity 6: Group work

  1. Using diagrams, describe other methods of inland fishing in Kenya.
  2. Display your pictures in class and assess each other’s work.

Contribution of fishing to the economy of Kenya

Look at the pictures.

(a) Trader selling fish
(b) Family eating fish

Discuss the importance of fishing in pictures (a) and (b).

Key points

Fishing contributes to the economy of Kenya through the following ways:

  • Fishermen earn income from the sale of fish.
  • Fish is a source of food rich in protein.
  • Fishing has led to growth of industries and created employment.

Activity 7: Group work

  1. Using the internet, library or textbooks, find out the contribution of fishing to the economy of Kenya.
  2. Write down a summary for class presentation.


Fishing is an important economic activity in our country. It is a source of income and food for many communities. We should take care of our fishing grounds. We should also use safe fishing methods to avoid overfishing.

New words garden

1. Using a dictionary, find out the meaning of the following new words and phrases:

  • inland fishing
  • trawling
  • habitat
  • purse-seining
  • harpooning
  • lure

2. Make a sentence using each of the new words and phrases in (1).

Activity 8: Work in pairs

Read aloud the messages on the poster.

  1. Design your posters with messages on the importance of fishing in Kenya.
  2. Display the posters in class for others to see.

Activity 9: Work on your own

Digital zone

  1. Using Google, search fishing games online and play a game of your choice about fishing.
  2. Watch a video clip below about fishing in Kenya

Activity 10: Take home

Work with your parent or guardian

  1. Find out from your parent or guardian about the importance of fishing to the country’s economy.
  2. Write down short notes and present in class.

Activity 11: Group work

My community

Design posters to create awareness in your community about the importance of fishing.

Activity 12: Work as a class

Fun zone

Recite the poem below.

I have got a rod I have got a line I need a fish to make it fine Fish fish where do I get you? 

I cast my hook in the deep river Where the habitat of the water lies Fish fish where do I get you?

Awaking them from their cozy rest With baits I tempt them from their nests Fish fish where do I get you?

 They will take the lure am sure its luck From the shores then to my plate Fish fish I finally get you! 

From you I get money and food Healthy food rich in protein Fish fish I finally get you!

Assessment Exercise 14

1. What is fishing?

2.Identify the main inland fishing grounds in Kenya.

  • Ocean
  • Fish farms
  • Samps
  • Lakes
  • Rivers

3. Describe the main methods of fishing in Kenya.

4.Explain the importance of fishing in Kenya.

5. Write the correct answer.

  1. I am a large scale method of fishing where bag-like nets are used to catch mainly small fish. Who am I
  2. Long lines with hooks and baits are used and tied to floats. I am mainly used in calm waters. Who am I
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