Chapter 1.1 (English 6)

Child Labour. Listening

Let Us Get Started

In groups, talk about the activities children do in your community. Do you think it is right for them to do these activities? Give reasons for your answer.

Listening and Speaking

Pronunciation and Vocabulary: Listening Comprehension

Activity 1

Look at the pictures below and then answer the questions.


  1. What do you think is happening in each picture?
  2. Which pictures represent child labour?
  3. Which pictures represent chores children should do?

Activity 2. Listening Comprehension

Listen as your teacher reads the following story.

Hyena Rejected as King

A long long time ago, animals lived in a kingdom called Jijali. It was a beautiful, productive country. The animals worked on the land and planted many different crops. There was enough food for everyone, and they lived in peace under the leadership of King Lion. It was a little heaven.

Then King Lion retired, and Hyena convinced the other animals to make him king. Giraffe, however, did not think Hyena was up to any good. Hyena was known to be mean and greedy, but since the majority had chosen him, even Giraffe had to give in.

Immediately after he sat on the throne, King Hyena made this announcement: 'My fellow animals, please listen to me. For a long time, the adults in this kingdom have done nearly all the work. Our children have just been having fun. They have become lazy and irresponsible. Therefore, from this year, the young animals will begin to do the work we have been doing. It is time for the adults to take a break and relax. After all, the young animals eat more food and will live here longer than us adults.'

'Sure! Sure!' Rhinoceros shouted. One by one, all the animals except Giraffe supported the king. The dear little animals began to do all the hard work. Some worked in the quarries to cut building stones. Others carried big loads from place to place. There was not a moment to spare to go to school, rest, or play. In the evenings, they would be as tired as worn-out shoes and would doze off even before they ate supper.

Giraffe was observing all this. He was very concerned. One day, he called a meeting secretly. Many animals attended because they respected him. 'Hear what I have to say. We have turned our children into servants. Just look at any one of them. They are weak and miserable due to fatigue. They no longer have time to go to school or play. Some keep falling ill because the work they do is too hard for them.

Others have been crushed to death by the machines they operate. We must put a stop to this!'

The animals nodded in agreement. 'What shall we do?' Impala asked.

'We shall ask Giraffe to be our king,' Monkey said.

All the animals cheered. Then they walked to the palace and in one voice told Hyena that they no longer wanted him as their king. He tried to protest, but the animals told him, 'You reap what you sow. You have made our children miserable and now you have to leave.'

Giraffe took over and there was much laughter, singing, and dancing. From then on, the young ones only did domestic tasks that were suitable for them.

1. Choose all the animals mentioned by name in this story.

  • Monkey
  • Lion
  • Ostrich
  • Giraffe
  • Impala
  • Buffalo
  • Hyena
  • Rhinoceros

2. Why was Jijali a good place to live in?

  • It was a beautiful, productive country.
  • There was enough food for everyone and they lived in peace.
  • All the adult animals took a break and relaxed.

3. How would one describe King Hyena?

  • Just and honourable
  • Selfish and lazy
  • Hard-working
  • Wise

4. What made life difficult for the young animals?

  • They had to work too much.
  • They had long school days.
  • They had to play all day long.

5. Listen to the story again and pick out the words with the sound your teacher will tell you.

6. The following phrases have been used in the story. Choose their meaning and then use them in your own sentences.

  1. a little heaven
  2. give in
  3. as tired as a worn-out shoe
  4. put a stop to
  5. you reap what you sow

7. What is the main message of the story?

Activity 3

In groups, record each other as you retell the story. Play the recording to other groups.


Activity 4

Read this poem aloud. Which sound is common in the words in green?

My dear, don’t fear
​Though your ears may hear
Queer news throughout the year,
​Never jeer at anyone
​Nor veer off the right path.

Here is another piece of advice.
​If peers near you
​Have tears in their eyes,
​Don’t cheer; stay near
​And clearly show you really care.

Activity 5

Read these sentences aloud. Pay attention to the pronunciation of the words in blue.

  1. Do not appear near a fierce deer.
  2. It is clear the homeless seer never shaves his beard.
  3. The cheer you get from eating junk food may cause you a tear.
  4. The rear tyre has disappeared from here.
  5. Sit here near the babysitter and hear her sing.

Activity 6

Close your textbooks and play the following game in pairs. One of you will say a word that includes the sound 'ear' and the other has to immediately say a different word with the same sound. Repeat this to come up with as many words as possible.

  1. long hours –  
  2. employer –  
  3. labour –  
  4. underage –  
  5. exploit –  
  6. violate –  
  7. house help –  
  8. wages –  
  9. salary –  


  1. With the help of someone at home, come up with ten words that have the sound like the one in the word ear.
  2. Ask someone, like a parent, to help you prepare a list of the types of work children should and should not do. Read the list to someone else at home and then ask them questions. Explain to them the importance of listening attentively.
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