Chapter 3.4 (Home Science 5)

Materials Used to Make and Clean Kitchen Tools and Equipment

Materials used to make Kitchen Tools and Equipment

There are many tools and equipment that can be found in a kitchen. These tools and equipment are made of different materials.

It is important to know the materials used for making kitchen tools and equipment. This enables us to choose the right method when caring for them.

Activity 1

Identifying materials used to make kitchen tools and equipment

Look at the pictures below

Common kitchen tools

Work in groups

1. Name the kitchen tools shown.

2. Identify other kitchen tools used at home.

3. Name the materials used to make the tools and equipment shown in the pictures.

Share with the rest of the learners.

Now you know

  • Tools and equipment used in the kitchen include sufurias, saucepans, mixing bowls, sieves, plates and chopping boards, among others.
  • These tools and equipment are made of different materials such as aluminium, plastic, steel, melamine, glass and wood.

Materials used for Cleaning Kitchen Tools and Equipment

Materials used for cleaning kitchen tools and equipment can be bought from the shops but some of them can be made from locally available resources.

Activity 2

Identifying materials used for cleaning kitchen tools and equipment

Look at the pictures below

Cleaning materials for kitchen tools

Work in groups

1. Name the items in the pictures.

2. Describe how each of the cleaning materials shown is used in the kitchen.

Improvising materials for cleaning kitchen tools and equipment

Some of the materials we need for cleaning kitchen tools and equipment may be quite expensive. We should, therefore, improvise them using materials available in the locality. Some of these materials include; sisal fibres, fine sand, crushed charcoal and crushed egg shells.

Activity 3

Identifying materials used for making cleaning materials for kitchen tools

Look at the pictures below

Improvised materials for cleaning kitchen tools and equipment

Work in groups

Suggest how each of the items shown in the pictures is used to clean kitchen tools.

Item

Use

Sisal fibres

Wood ash

Charcoal

Sand

Activity 4

Improvising sisal fibres for cleaning utensils

Your teacher will show you how to make or prepare sisal fibres for cleaning utensils. Observe the teacher keenly.

In pairs, improvise sisal fibres into cleaning materials.

You will require

  • An old sisal sack, sisal rope, or sisal string, a pair of scissors or knife, a basin, water and soap.

Method

  1. Cut the sack or rope into pieces that are 10 cm long.
  2. Clean the pieces in warm soapy water and rinse thoroughly.
  3. Dry and keep the sisal pieces in an old dish. These can now be used to clean utensils.
  4. Clean and dry the materials used for making the sisal fibre and store them well.

Activity 5

Improvising a piece of cloth for cleaning utensils

Your teacher will show you how to improvise a piece of cloth for use as a cleaning material for utensils. Observe the teacher keenly.

In pairs, make your own improvised cleaning materials from a piece of cloth.

You will require

  • An old garment made from knitted fabric.
  • A pair of scissors, warm water and soap.

Method

  1. Cut the garment into small sizes of 15 cm by 15 cm.
  2. Wash the pieces of clothes in warm soapy water.
  3. Rinse and dry the pieces of cloth.
  4. Keep in a small dish. The small piece of cloth can now be used to clean utensils.
  5. Clean, dry and store the materials used for preparing the cloth.

Activity 6

Using charcoal to make an improvised material for cleaning

Your teacher will show you how to make crushed charcoal for use as a cleaning material.

Observe your teacher keenly and make crushed charcoal for use as a cleaning material.

You will require

  • Pieces of charcoal, a large stone or a hammer, a sheet of paper or cloth and container for keeping the charcoal.

Method

  1. Place the large pieces of charcoal in the piece of cloth and wrap them.
  2. Using a hammer, crush the charcoal one at a time, until you obtain small fine bits.
  3. Collect the crushed charcoal and place it in a container. The crushed charcoal can then be used to clean aluminium utensils.

Activity 7

Using wood ash to make an improvised material for cleaning

You will require

  • Wood ash, sieve, sheet of paper and container with a lid.

Method

  1. Put the piece of paper on a flat surface.
  2. Pour wood ash in the sieve.
  3. Shake the sieve to produce fine ash and collect it on the piece of paper.
  4. Pour the ash into a container

Activity 8

Identifying materials used for cleaning kitchen tools and equipment

Look at the pictures

Children cleaning utensils at home

In pairs

  1. Talk about what the boy and the girl are doing.
  2. What materials are they using for the task?
  3. Name other materials that can be used for the task.
  4. Mention two reasons why kitchen tools and equipment must be cleaned regularly.

Share with the rest of the learners.

Now you know

  • Kitchen tools and equipment are cleaned using different cleaning materials. Some of the materials include: Liquid soap, scouring pads, sponges, steel wool, maize cob, rough sisal fibre, egg shells, sand, water and dish cloth.

Home Activity

Ask your parent or guardian to take a short video as you clean utensils using different cleaning materials.

Share the video with the rest of the learners.

Revision Exercise

Name three materials used to make kitchen tools and equipment.

Briefly write down how to clean the kitchen tools you have named above.

Please wait