Chapter 4.3 (English 5)

Personal Pronouns, Possessive Pronouns and Use of Belong to...

Activity 1

  1. In pairs, act out the dialogue below.


There are four tablets. The black one belongs to me. It

is mine.


Who do the other tablets belong to?


My friend Denis also has a tablet. The red one belongs to him. It is his.


Sasha also owns a tablet. Is the grey one hers?


Yes, the grey tablet belongs to her.


I also have a tablet. Do you know which one it is?


Yes, the blue tablet is yours. It belongs to you.


Our teachers, Mr. Ambani and Miss Ng’endo have laptops.


Yes. The two laptops next to the tablets belong to them.They are theirs.

Possessive pronouns song

The words that are highlighted are used to show the person who owns something.

  1. Now, use each of the highlighted words to create your own sentences.
  2. In groups of four, compose a song using the words in green.

Activity 2

  1. In groups of three, act out the following dialogue. As you act out your part, point at the person the highlighted word is referring to.


Who owns that brown
​hen near the flowers?

​and Hare

It belongs to us.


Are you saying that it
​belongs to you?

​and Hare

Yes, it is ours.


So, the brown hen ​uprooting my flowers ​is yours.


Oh, no. The brown hen uprooting your flowers is hers. It is not mine. It belongs to her.


Why do you now say the hen is hers yet earlier you said it belongs to you both?


Just remembered that mine is green and hers is brown. The hen uprooting your flowers is hers and not mine.


That’s okay. I only asked because I want to buy the brown hen. I want to make it mine.


Oh, thank you. The hen is mine, but you can buy it and make it yours.


Here is some money, and now the hen is mine. It now belongs to me.


Ummh. I just remembered I too have a brown hen that looks just like hers.


Don’t listen to him. He has just told us that the brown hen is not his. He said the hen does not belong to him. He also said that his is green while mine is brown!


Go away Mouse and don’t make me angry. Since when were hens green? It is only yesterday that I saw Giraffe and Zebra carrying a red hen. They told me the hen was theirs. They said it belongs to them and refused to sell it to me.

One Person (singular)

More than One Person (plural)

Person Speaking



Person Listening

Person Spoken about

The words you have picked out are used to show us that something belongs to someone.

belong to… or belongs to …

One Person (singular)

More than One Person (plural)

Person Speaking



Person Spoken to

Person Spoken about

You must have discovered that:

  • All the words used with belong to… or belongs to… show that someone owns something.
  • These words can be singular or plural.


Was the house that caught fire by accident ?


No, the house was not ; it was our neighbour’s.


Jane, is the sweater under the desk ?


No, it is not . My brother also has a black

sweater. I think this sweater is .


Is it Musa’s and Ouru’s puppy that barked at the visitors?


No, that puppy was not . Amina also has a

puppy. Maybe the puppy that barked at the visitors was.

Belong to... belongs to...

My uncle is a boda boda rider. That helmet

belongs to


Matano and his wife are farmers. The cart and the donkey

This first aid box is my gift to you. It now

My deskmate and I share books. These books

Julia knows how to skate. These skating shoes

My brother and I keep rabbits at home. The grey one belongs to him and the white one


  1. Write sentences using belong to… or belongs to… to describe various items at home.
  2. Use each of the following words in a sentence once: mine, ours, yours, hers, his, theirs.
  3. Use words that show that something belongs to someone in a song and teach it to your friends and siblings.


Functional Writing: A Reply to a Friendly Letter

Activity 1

In groups of four, read the following letter that Ken received from his friend Mwakisho.

P. O. Box 8038 –01000,

14 February 2020.

Dear Ken,

How are you doing in your new school? I hope you have settled down and have made some friends. I am fine and all your former classmates miss you a lot. They have asked me to say “hi” to you.

You won’t believe what happened the other day in school. Remember Daisy got skates for her birthday in December? Well, she has now learnt how to skate and wanted to teach Mwangi. So, she carried the skates with her to school. During break time, Mwangi tried them on and they fitted perfectly. He then took his first wobbly steps, supported by Daisy.

After taking a few steps, Mwangi decided that he could now skate on his own. It went well for the first few metres but, as he gained speed, he started to lose balance. As fast as a hare, he went down the pavement and we all feared he might crash into the wall of the office block. He started shouting for help.

His screams attracted the Deputy Headteacher, Mrs. Jamila, who rushed out of her office right into the path of the helpless Mwangi. However, Mrs. Jamila was able to catch him and prevent an accident.

Mrs. Jamila warned us against bringing skates to school. Both Daisy and Mwangi were punished.

My elder brother has promised to buy me skates next month. However, this incident has left me scared about skating. Now that you know how to skate, tell me what I can do to skate safely.

I look forward to hearing from you soon.

Bye and best wishes.
​Your friend,

Activity 2

  1. In pairs, identify the following parts in the letter you have just read.
    • Writer’s address: where the writer gives his or her contact information.
    • Date: shows the date when the letter was written.
    • Salutation: a polite opening where the writer addresses the receiver.
    • Opening paragraph: the first paragraph of the letter.
    • Closing paragraph: the last paragraph of the letter.
    • Complimentary close: where the writer ends in a polite way.
  2. In groups, discuss the information that Ken could include in his reply to Mwakisho’s letter.
  3. Imagine you are Ken. Write a reply to Mwakisho’s letter. Include the points you discussed in your group.
  4. Exchange your letters and help each other to correct any mistakes. Your teacher will guide you on what to do.
  5. Make corrections to your letter and then type it on a computer, print it and pin it on the noticeboard. Read the letters other pupils have written.
  6. Show people at home the letter you have written and teach them how to write a friendly letter.


Ask someone at home to help you search for a friendly letter from the Internet. Write your reply. Remember not to send letters to strangers on the Internet.

Unit Summary

Find Out

  1. Ask your parent or guardian how each one of the following may cause accident.
  2. What should be done about it?
    • pedestrians
    • cyclists
    • drivers

Relax and Enjoy

Did you know that the man who came up with the idea of painting a line in the middle of the road to separate traffic was called Edward Hines? He got the idea when he saw a leaky milk wagon which was leaving a white trail on the road. That simple idea has been recognised as one of the most important in ensuring safety on the road.

Please wait