Chapter 4.1 (English 5)

Road Accidents – Prevention

Let Us Get Started

Talk with members of your group about how we can prevent road accidents.

Listening and Speaking

Pronunciation and Vocabulary: Word Stress

Activity 1

  1. Listen to an audio recording of the poem below. As you listen, pay attention to the way the highlighted words in the poem are said.

Do not always be in a hurry.
​Remember that practice makes perfect.
​You should always aim to perfect,
​Your skills through patient practice.

Do not think you are always right.
​For every decision you contest,
​Remember that life is not a contest.
​Working together is what is best.

Do not ever be unkind.
​Respect others and never insult them.
​For friends are hurt by an insult,
​It does make them unhappy.

Do not refuse to go to school.
​You cannot learn when you are absent.
​When you absent yourself from school,
​You miss all the fun in learning.

  1. Recite the poem in groups. Make sure you say the highlighted words correctly.
Word stress

Did you know that:

  • Words that are stressed on the first part (syllable) name someone or something (nouns) or they describe someone or something (adjectives)?
  • Words that are stressed on the second part (syllable) show something done by somebody (verbs)?

Activity 2

  1. Listen to a recording of some sentences in which the words in the tables below are used. Repeat the sentences.

Table One

Noun (Naming word)

Verb (Doing or action word)

contest

contest

insult

insult

Table Two

Adjective (Describing word)

Verb (Doing or action word)

perfect

perfect

absent

absent

  1. Now use the words in the two tables to make your own sentences. Share the sentences with your classmates.

Activity 3

Play the following game.

One of you will pick a piece of paper from a box. Say the sentence written on it.

Activity 4

  1. In groups of three, recite the following poem. As one of you recites the poem, the second person will clap once when sound “d” is said. The third person will clap once when sound “t” is said.

Mtepetevu drove at a reckless speed.
​As fast as a deer he sped.
​He thought not about his safety.
​Or that of other road users.
​Distracted by his phone.
​The road bump he did not see.
​He braked too late.

The vehicle skidded out of control.
​In a fraction of a second.
​It slid into a ditch.
​He was yet another victim.
​Of reckless speed and distraction.

​Mwangalifu drove at a moderate speed.
​Slowly but surely, he drove.
​He thought about his safety.
​The safety of other road users too.
​He kept his phone away.
​He did not want any distractions.
​He watched out for road bumps.
​He knew prevention is better than cure.
So, when it was necessary.
​He stepped on the brakes.
​He arrived home safely.
​In one piece and happy.

  1. In pairs, take turns to say only the words with a highlighted sound in the poem.

Activity 5

In groups, make sentences using the words below. Take turns to share the sentences you have made.

victim, traffic, road signs, pedestrian, skid, prevent, emergency

Homework

Ask someone at home to tell you about a road accident he or she has witnessed and how it could have been prevented. Share the story with the class.

Please wait