Chapter 1.54 (PHE 4)

Digital moment

  1. Search the Internet for the following:
    1. Causes of a clean-cut wound.
    2. How to clean a clean-cut wound.
    3. The safety rules to observe when cleaning a clean-cut wound.
    4. Why we should clean a clean-cut wound.
  2. Discuss your findings.

A clean-cut wound happens when the skin is broken. This can be caused by:

  1. Falls.
  2. Bumps onto hard objects.
  3. Cuts by sharp objects.

We clean a clean-cut wound to prevent further infection. We also clean it to help it heal.

Safety rules to observe when cleaning a clean-cut wound

  1. Wear gloves to prevent infections.
  2. Avoid contact with the victim’s blood or body fluids.

Practice time

What you need

First aid box, clean water and soap

What to do

  1. Pretend that your friend has a clean-cut wound.
  2. Assure and calm the person. Practise cleaning the wound as follows: 
    1. Wash and dry your hands.
    2. Wear disposable gloves.
    3. Gently press the wound with a clean bandage. You can also use a clean cloth.
    4. Elevate the wound until it stops bleeding.
    5. Rinse the wound by running clean water over it. This loosens the skin and removes dirt.
    6. Wash around the wound with mild soap while gently dabbing it with a soft clean wash cloth. You can use salt solution in place of soap.
    7. Clean a pair of tweezers with spirit. Use it to remove any dirt still present in the wound bed.
    8. Use a clean cloth to gently pat the wound and skin around it to dry. Do not use a cotton ball as pieces of the material may get stuck inside the wound.
    9. Dress the wound to protect it from germs.
    10. Wash reusable first aid items like tweezers and dispose the gloves.
Stopping bleeding
Rinsing a clean cut wound
Drying a clean cut wound

Group discussion

Look at the pictures. Answer the questions in groups.

Adhesive
Gauze dressings
  1. Have you ever seen the dressings in the pictures?
  2. Where did you see them?
  3. What are the dressings used for?

Practice time

  1. Your teacher will show you different bandages. Feel their texture. Select a bandage fit for dressing clean-cut wounds.
  2. Demonstrate how to apply a clean bandage on a clean-cut wound. Follow these steps.
    1. Clean the wound. Apply a thin layer of antibiotic ointment or petroleum jelly on the wound. This will keep the wound moist. It will also prevent scars from forming.
    2. Apply a bandage covered with an adhesive tape over the wound to keep it clean until it forms a scab.
    3. The bandage should be changed once a day. It should also be changed when it becomes damp or dirty.

Appropriate bandages for a clean-cut wound

Bandages are used to protect the wound from infections. They also help to avoid further irritation of the wounded tissues. Sterile adhesive bandages should be used to cover clean-cut wounds. Adhesive bandages do not stick on wounds. Use an adhesive strip or sterile gauze dressing covered with an adhesive tape to cover the wound.

Play time

Role-play doing a first aid to a person with a clean-cut wound. Observe safety.

1. My partner can perform a first aid on a clean-cut wound.

2. My partner observes safety when he or she attends to a clean-cut-wound.

3. My partner needs to improve on the following areas.

Please wait